Professional Scribes and Secretaries

Scribes were employed as secretaries in Palestine, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Greco-Roman Empire. Court scribes would sometimes rise to positions of social prestige and considerable political influence, much as a Secretary of State today.

The Lachish Letters or Lachish Ostraca

Please Support the Bible Translation Work of the Updated American Standard Version (UASV)$5.00Click here to purchase. Lachish letters Lachish letter III Replica (front side) Below Material Clay ostraca Writing Phoenician script / Paleo-Hebrew script Created c. 590 BC Discovered 1935 Present location British Museum and Israel Museum Identification ME 125701 to ME 125707, ME 125715a, IAA 1938.127 and 1938.128 The Lachish... Continue Reading →

Who Were the Bible Scribes

Although scribes continue to perform such roles in the postexilic period (cf. Neh. 13:13, where a scribe named Zadok is appointed as a treasurer over the storehouses where tithes are kept), the term begins to be more specifically associated with the transmission and interpretation of Torah.

Scribes of the Bible

Reference in early OT times to those employed for their ability to transcribe information. After the exile, scribes are a class of scholars who teach, copy, and interpret the Jewish Law for the people. They appear in the Gospels primarily as opponents of Jesus.

The Hebrew Old Testament Texts and Versions

Texts and versions provide the raw materials for the discipline known as textual criticism. The ultimate aim is to provide a text in the form intended by its author. Generally speaking, the greater the age of a document, the greater is its authority.

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