BIBLE BACKGROUND: The Middle Bronze Age in Mesopotamia and Egypt

After the collapse of urban civilization, powerful states reappeared beginning about 2000 B.C. In southern Mesopotamia the city-state of Ur had already gained control of the surrounding territory. Ur-Nammu, greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2113–2006 B.C.), erected a great ziggurat (temple tower) and encouraged art and literature.

The Code of Hammurabi: a Babylonian Code of Law of Ancient Mesopotamia

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology). It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code. Some scholars have often been likened the Ten Commandments to the Code of Hammurabi.

WAS MOSES A PLAGIARIST? Was the Law of Moses Copied from the Code of Hammurabi?

David P. Wright argues that the Jewish Covenant Code is “directly, primarily, and throughout” based upon the Laws of Hammurabi. In 2010, a team of archaeologists from Hebrew University discovered a cuneiform tablet dating to the eighteenth or seventeenth century BC at Hazor in Israel containing laws clearly derived from the Code of Hammurabi. Is David P. Wright correct, was Moses a plagiarist? Very detailed answer in this article.

Customs and Cultures of Bible Times

Customs and culture in Bible times: beard, burial, child care in a polygamous family, deeds to property, eating:, gifts, hair; head covering, king’s concubines, marriage, mourning, ripping of garments, washing of hands, whitewashing graves, women captives, and so on.

The Qumran Residents: Were they Essenes?

We have determined that, the Dead Sea Scrolls were the library of the Qumran community, who were its people? Early on, in 1947 Professor Eleazar Sukenik obtained three scrolls from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; thereafter, suggesting that these scrolls had belonged to the Essene Community.

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