This article discusses the distinctives of Old Testament faith, including its monotheistic and exclusivistic nature, the transcendent and self-sufficient nature of God, the divine election and covenant relationship between God and His people, and the true worship that arises from the heart rather than ritualistic manipulation. It also covers Israelite history from the birth of the nation to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E.
BIBLE BACKGROUND: The Middle Bronze Age in Mesopotamia and Egypt
After the collapse of urban civilization, powerful states reappeared beginning about 2000 B.C. In southern Mesopotamia the city-state of Ur had already gained control of the surrounding territory. Ur-Nammu, greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2113–2006 B.C.), erected a great ziggurat (temple tower) and encouraged art and literature.
THE AMORITES: Canaanite Tribe Descended from the Original Amorite, the Sons of Canaan
Amorites. Semitic people found throughout the Fertile Crescent of the Near East at the beginning of the second millennium BC. Amorites are first mentioned in the Bible as descendants of Canaan in a list of ancient peoples (Gen 10:16; cf. 1 Chr 1:13–16).
Genesis 10:15-16 BDC: Were the “Amurru” the Amorites of the Bible?
Explore the intriguing connection between the Amurru and the Biblical Amorites in Genesis 10:15-16. Dive into Bible history and uncover the relationships among ancient Near Eastern peoples as depicted in the genealogy of Noah's descendants. Unravel the intricate tapestry of Biblical interpretation and historical context.
The Code of Hammurabi: a Babylonian Code of Law of Ancient Mesopotamia
The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology). It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code. Some scholars have often been likened the Ten Commandments to the Code of Hammurabi.
WAS MOSES A PLAGIARIST? Was the Law of Moses Copied from the Code of Hammurabi?
David P. Wright argues that the Jewish Covenant Code is “directly, primarily, and throughout” based upon the Laws of Hammurabi. In 2010, a team of archaeologists from Hebrew University discovered a cuneiform tablet dating to the eighteenth or seventeenth century BC at Hazor in Israel containing laws clearly derived from the Code of Hammurabi. Is David P. Wright correct, was Moses a plagiarist? Very detailed answer in this article.
Customs and Cultures of Bible Times
Customs and culture in Bible times: beard, burial, child care in a polygamous family, deeds to property, eating:, gifts, hair; head covering, king’s concubines, marriage, mourning, ripping of garments, washing of hands, whitewashing graves, women captives, and so on.
The Qumran Residents: Were they Essenes?
We have determined that, the Dead Sea Scrolls were the library of the Qumran community, who were its people? Early on, in 1947 Professor Eleazar Sukenik obtained three scrolls from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; thereafter, suggesting that these scrolls had belonged to the Essene Community.