Ephesians 1:5—Foreordained for Adoption as Sons

This verse enhances the themes of election and predestination, revealing God's eternal purpose to bring believers into His family as adopted sons. It shows that this adoption is achieved through Jesus Christ and stems from God's own desire and sovereign will.

EXEGETICAL INSIGHT: Psalm 68:18 and Ephesians 4:8

WHAT DID PAUL MEAN? “When he ascended on high he led captivity captive, and he gave gifts to men.” (Eph. 4:8) Who ascended on high? Where is high? Who is “he” that led captivity captive? What are these gifts that “he” gave and to what “men”? Why is Paul’s citation of Psalm 68:18 different?

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