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Papyrus 12 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1033 (in the Soden numbering), designated by siglum P12, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Hebrews; it contains only Hebrews 1:1. The manuscript palaeographically has been assigned to ca. 285. It may have been a writing exercise or an amulet.
The manuscript is a letter written by an Egyptian Christian traveling in Rome to his fellow Christians in the Arsinoite Nome, in the Fayum of Egypt. On top of the second column, another writer has penned Hebrews 1:1 in three lines. On the verso of this manuscript, another writer has penned Genesis 1:1–5 LXX. The letter was written between the years 264/265 and 281/282, and the marginal addition was probably added not long after the composition of the letter.
On the top of the second column, another writer has penned Hebrews 1:1 in three lines. It has been written in a small uncial hand. On the verso of this manuscript, another writer has penned Genesis 1:1-5 according to Septuaginta.
Square brackets [ … ] indicates conjectural reconstruction of the beginning or ending of a manuscript, or, within the transcriptions, letters or words most likely to have been in the original manuscript.
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1 Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυ[τρό]πως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσ[α]ς το[ῖς π]ατράσ[ι]ν ἐν τοῖς προ[φήταις]
πολυμερως κ πολυ[τρο]πως
παλε ο θς λαλήσ[α]ς το[ις π]ατρα
σ[ι] ημ[ω]ν εν τοις προ[φηταις]
It has an error of itacism (παλε instead of παλαι), the nomina sacra contracted (θς).
The Greek text of this codex probably is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type, but its text is too brief for certainty. Aland placed it in Category I,
It supports textual variant with ημων as in codices P46c a t v vgmss syrp.
The manuscript was discovered in 1897 by Grenfell and Hunt.
It is currently housed at The Morgan Library & Museum (Pap. Gr. 3; P. Amherst 3b) in New York City.
Attribution: This article incorporates text from the public domain: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Philip Comfort, and Edward D. Andrews