In the year 1898, Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt discovered thousands of papyri fragments just outside the ruins of the ancient city of Oxyrhynchus. These fragments turned out to be one of the most important papyri discoveries of all time.
Papyrus is a writing material made from the water plant by the same name, which name means “product of the river.” Papyrus is possibly the longest used writing material, with the oldest known fragment dating to about 2400 B.C.E., and the use of it coming to almost an end around 600 C.E., some 3000 years of use.
The earliest sources for the Greek New Testament are the papyri in codex (book-like) form. Of course, this designation came from the medium on which they were inscribed. At present, there have been over 139 of these discovered, with eighty of these manuscripts dating between 100 – 300 C.E.
Papyrus 13, designated by siglum P13 in the Gregory-Aland numbering, is a fragmented manuscript of the New Testament in Greek. It was copied on papyrus in the early 3rd century at approximately 225-250 CE. It contains Heb. 2:14–5:5; 10:8–22; 10:29–11:13; 11:28–12:17
P16 was discovered together with P15. Grenfell and Hunt conjectured that P16 and P15 might have been parts of the same manuscript, written in a documentary hand.
Papyrus 10 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering system), signed by P10 and named Oxyrhynchus papyri 209, is an early copy of part of the New Testament content in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Romans.
The manuscript is a letter written by an Egyptian Christian traveling in Rome to his fellow Christians in the Arsinoite Nome, in the Fayum of Egypt.
Papyrus 8 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), signed by P8 or α 8 (von Soden), is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Acts of the Apostles, it contains Acts 4:31-37; 5:2-9; 6:1-6.8-15.
Papyrus 7 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), or ε 11 (von Soden), designated by P7, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of Luke 4:1-2.