PAPYRUS 32 (P32) P. Rylands 5: A Very Early Greek Fragment Copy of the Epistle of Paul to Titus

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P32 of Titus 1_11-15-II
P32 (P. Rylands 5) Contents: Titus 1:11–15; 2:3–8 [d. 100-125 C.E.]
Name Papyrus Rylands 5
Text Titus 1; 2 †
Date 100-125 C.E.
Script Greek
Found Likely Oxtrynchus, Egypt
Now at John Rylands University Library
Cite A. S. Hunt, Catalogue of the Greek Papyri in the John Rylands Library I, Literatury Texts (Manchester 1911), pp. 10-11
Size 10.6 x 4.9 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
The P52 PROJECT THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS 4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS

Papyrus 32 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by P32, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to Titus, it contains only Titus 1:11-15; 2:3-8. On the basis of paleography, the manuscript has been assigned a date around A.D. 200 by Kurt Aland.[1] However, H. I. Bell, T. C. Skeat, and F. G. Kenyon have dated P32 to 150-200 C.E. and Philip Comfort says it should be dated to the early second century (100-125 C.E.) but could even be late first century.

Description of P32

Written in round and rather large letters. A slight tendency towards a division of words can be observed. The nomina sacra (sacred names) are abbreviated.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland described it as “at least normal text.” he placed it in Category I.[3] This manuscript shows an agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and with F G.

It is currently housed with the Rylands Papyri at the John Rylands University Library (Gr. P. 5) in Manchester.[4]

APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot APOSTOLIC FATHERS

Greek Text

The papyrus is written on both sides. The characters that are in bold style are the ones that can be seen in P32. It shows an agreement with Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Augiensis, and Codex Boernerianus.

Philip Comfort

Textual character: Metzger says P32 shows agreement with א and with F and G. Since F and G[5] (nearly identical manuscripts) go back to the same archetype, it is quite possible that P32 could be linked to the same source.[6]

This manuscript was originally dated to the third century because it was regarded as comparable to the handwriting of P. Oxy. 656 (Genesis), also dated early third century. But the editor of P. Oxy. 656 (Hunt) said it had more affinities with second-century manuscripts than with third-century manuscripts. So why not date P. Oxy. 656 to the second century? In fact, scholars such as H. I. Bell, T. C. Skeat, and F. G. Kenyon have since redated P. Oxy. 656 to the second century[7] and, in suit, dated P32 to the second century (probably the second half).[8] P32 (as with P. Oxy. 656, P90, and P104) exhibits the decorated rounded hand of this era.[9] See extensive discussion in Philip Wesley Comfort and David P. Barrett, THE TEXT OF THE EARLIEST NEW TESTAMENT MANUSCRIPTS: Papyri 75-139 and Uncials, Vol. 2 (English and Greek Edition) (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Academic, 2019)

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Titus 1:11-15 (recto)

EΠIΣTOMI-

ZEIN OITINEΣ OΛOYΣ OIKOYΣ ANATPE-
ΠOYΣI ΔIΔAΣKONTEΣ A MH ΔEI AIΣXPOY
KEPΔOYΣ XAPIN EIΠEN TIΣ EΞ AYTΩN
IΔIOΣ AYTΩN ΠPOΦHTHΣ KPHTEΣ AEI
ΨEYΣTAI KAKA ΘHPIA ΓAΣTEPEΣ APΓAI
H MAPTYPIA AYTH EΣTIN AΛHΘHΣ ΔI
HN AITIAN EΛENXE AYTOYΣ AΠOTOMΩΣ
INA YΓIAINΩΣIN EN TH ΠIΣTEI MH
ΠPOΣEXONTEΣ IOYΔAIKOIΣ MYΘOIΣ
KAI ENTOΛAIΣ ANΘPΩΠΩN APOΣTPEΦO-
MENΩN THN AΛEΘEIAN ΠANTA KA-
ΘAPA TOIΣ KAΘAPOIΣ TOIΣ ΔE MEMIAM-

MENOIΣ KAI AΠIΣTOIΣ OYΔEN KAΘAPON

epistomi-

zein oitines olous oikous anatre-
pousin didaskontes a mē dei aischrou
kerdous charin eipen tis ex autōn
idios autōn prophētēs krētes aei
pseustai kaka thēria gasteres argai
ē marturia autē estin alēthēs di
ēn aitian elenche autous apotomōs
ina ugiainōsin en tē pistei mē
prosechontes ioudaikois muthois
kai entolais anthrōpōn apostrepho-
menōn tēn alētheian panta ka-
thara tois katharois tois de memiam-

menois kai apistois ouden katharon

to muzzle, because whole families they are upsetting,
teaching what they must not, for ugly
gain’s sake. Said one of themselves,
even one of their own prophets, “Cretans are always
liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.”
The testimony of this is true. Because of
this reason, reprove them severely,
so that they may be sound in the faith; Not
giving heed to Jewish myths,
and commandments of men, who turn
away from the truth. All things are
pure unto the pure: but unto them who are

both defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure.

Titus 2:3-8 (verso)

ΔIABO-

ΛOYΣ MHΔE OINΩ ΠOΛΛΩ ΔEΔOYΛΩ
MENAΣ KAΛOΔIΔΣKAΛOYΣ INA
ΣΩΦPONIZΩΣIN TAΣ NEAΣ ΦIΛAN
ΔPOYΣ EINAI ΦIΛOTEKNOYΣ ΣΩΦPO
NAΣ AΓNAΣ OIKOYPΓOYΣ AΓAΘAΣ
YΠOTAΣΣOMENAΣ TOYΣ IΔIOIΣ AN
ΔPAΣIN INA MH O ΛOΓOΣ TOY ΘY BΛA
ΣΦHMHTAI TOYΣ NEΩTEPOYΣ
ΩΣAYTΩΣ ΠAPAKAΛEI ΣΩΦPON
EIN ΠEPI ΠANTA ΣEAYTON ΠAPE
XOMENOΣ TYΠON KAΛΩN EPΓΩN
EN TH ΔIΔAΣKAΛIA AΦΘONIAN ΣE
MNOTHTA ΛOΓON YΓIH AKATAΓNΩ
ΣTON INA O EΞ ENANTIAΣ ENTPA

ΠH

diabo-

lous mēde oinō pollō dedoulō
menas kalodidaskalous ina
sōphronizōsin tas neas philan
drous einai philoteknous sōphro
nas agnas oikourgous agathas
upotassomenas tois idiois an
drasin ina mē o logos tou thu bla
sphēmētai tous neōterous
ōsautōs parakalei sōphron
ein peri panta seauton pare
chomenos tupon kalōn ergōn
en tē didaskalia aphthonian se
mnotēta logon ugiē akatagnō
ston ina o ex enantias entra

false accusers, not to wine much enslaved,
teachers of the good. So that
they may teach to be sensible the young women, loving their husbands,
loving their children. Sober minded,
pure, busy in the home, kind,
subject to their own husbands.
So that not the word of God may be blasphemed.
The young men,
likewise, urge to be sober minded.
Concerning all things, yourself shew
an example of good works:
in the teaching show integrity, gravity,
soundness of speech beyond reproach;

so that he who opposes you may be ashamed,

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[1] Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 98.

[2] A. S. Hunt, Catalogue of the Greek Papyri in the John Rylands Library I, Literatury Texts (Manchester 1911), p. 10.

[3] Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 98.

[4] Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 98.

“Liste Handschriften”. Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved Sunday, July 26, 2020

[5] Metzger, Text of the NT, 250.

[6] Schofield, “Papyrus Fragments,” 238–41.

[7] See Skeat’s discussion in Oxy. Pap., 50:3.

[8] See Bell’s article in Harvard Theological Review, 37 (1944), 201; and see Roberts and Skeat, Birth of the Codex, 40–41.

[9] Philip Wesley Comfort and David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 2001), 134–135.

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