Papyrus 101 (P101 – P. Oxy. 4401) an Early Fragment Copy of the Greek New Testament

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P101-Mat-3_10-12-POxy4401-III
P101-Mat-3_10-12-POxy4401-III
Name P. Oxy. 4401
Sign P101
Text Gospel of Matthew 3:10-12; 3:16-4:3
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Oxyrhynchus, Egypt
Now at Papyrology Rooms, Sackler Library, Oxford
Cite J. David Thomas, OP LXIV (1997), pp. 2-4.
Size 19 x 7.5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
The P52 PROJECT THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS 4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS

Papyrus 101 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by P101, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of Matthew. The surviving texts of Matthew are verses 3:10-12; 3:16-4:3, they are in a fragmentary condition. The manuscript palaeographically has been assigned to the 3rd century [200-300 A.D.].[1]

Text-Type

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. “proto-Alexandrian, having more affinity with א than with B.”[2]

Location

The manuscript is currently housed at the Sackler Library (Papyrology Rooms, P. Oxy. 4401) at Oxford.

APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot APOSTOLIC FATHERS

Textual Variants

  • Matthew 3:10: εις (into) becomes προς (towards).
  • Matthew 3:11: omits οπισω μου (after me).
  • Matthew 3:11: βαστασαι (to bear) is changed to λυσαι (to untie). The missing space on the line above could also include κυφας (bending down), therefore almost conforming the text to the same as Mark 1:7.
  • Matthew 3:16: ωσαι (as if it were) becomes ως (like).
  • Matthew 3:16: και (and) is omitted from after περιστεραν (dove).
  • Matthew 3:17: ευδοκησα (well pleased) becomes ηυδοκησα, a variant spelling.
  • Matthew 4:2: ημερας τεσσερακοντα και νυκτας τεσσερακοντα (days forty and nights forty) becomes μ ημερας και μ νυκτας (forty days and forty nights (the numeral μ representing “forty”).
POxy.v0064.n4401.a.01.hires Matthew 3.10-12 Verso P101 Papyrus 101
POxy.v0064.n4401.a.01.hires Matthew 3:10-12 Verso P101 Papyrus 101
POxy.v0064.n4401.b.01.hires Recto Matthew 3.16-17 - 4.1-3
POxy.v0064.n4401.b.01.hires Recto Matthew 3:16-17 – 4:1-3
9781949586121 BIBLE DIFFICULTIES THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS

[verso]
[location of upper margin is uncertain]

3

10ουν δενδρ]ο̣ν̣ [μη ποιουν
καρπον κ]α̣λ̣ο̣ν ε̣[κκοπτεται
και πρ]ος πυρ βα[λλεται
11εγ]ω μ̣[εν ϋ]μας β[απτιζω εν
ϋ]δατι ε[ις] με̣τα̣[νοιαν ο
δ]ε ερχο[μ]εν̣ο[ς ισχυροτε
ρ]ος μου ε̣[σ]τιν ο̣[υ ουκ ειμι
ϊ]κανος τα̣ ϋπο̣[δηματα κυψας❏
λ]υ[σ]αι̣❏ αυ̣τος ϋμ̣[ας βαπτισει
ε]ν̣ π̅ν̅ι̅ αγι̣ω̣ κα[ι πυρι 12ου το
π]τ̣υον εν τη χ̣[ειρι αυτου
κ]α̣ι̣ δια̣κ̣α̣θ̣αρ[ι]ε[ι την αλω
να] αυτο̣υ̣ κ̣[αι συναξει τον
[location of lower margin is uncertain]
[3:13–16 missing]

[recto]
[location of upper margin is uncertain]
16ειδεν τ]ο̣ π̣̅[ν̅α̅ του θ̅υ̅ κατα
βαινον] ω̣ς πε̣ριστ̣[εραν ερχο
μενον ε]π αυτο[ν 17και ϊδου
φωνη εκ] τ̣ω̣[ν] ο̣[υρ]α̣[ν]ων [λε
γουσα ο]υ̣τ̣[ο]ς̣ ε̣[σ]τ̣ιν ο υ̅ς̅ μ[ου
ο αγαπη]τος εν̣ ω̣ ηυδοκ[ησα

4

1τοτε ο ι̅ς̅ αν]ηχθ̣[η] εις την̣ [ερη
μον ϋπο το]υ π̅ν̅[ς̅] πειρασθ[η
ναι ϋπο το]υ̣ διαβολου 2κ[αι
νηστευσα]ς μ̅ ημερας κ[αι
μ̅ νυκτ]α̣ς ϋστερον επε̣[ινα
σεν 3και π]ρ̣οσελθων ο πει̣[ρα
ζων ειπε]ν αυτ̣ω ει υ̅ς̅ [ει του
θ̅υ̅ ειπε ϊνα οι] λ̣ιθοι ουτ̣[οι
[location of lower margin is uncertain]

Philip Wesley Comfort and David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 2001), Mt 3–4:3.

[1] “Liste Handschriften”. Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved Friday, July 17, 2020.

[2] Philip Wesley Comfort and David P. Barrett, THE TEXT OF THE EARLIEST NEW TESTAMENT MANUSCRIPTS: Papyri 75-139 and Uncials, Vol. 2 (English and Greek Edition) (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Academic, 2019), 119.

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