In the year 1898, Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt discovered thousands of papyri fragments just outside the ruins of the ancient city of Oxyrhynchus. These fragments turned out to be one of the most important papyri discoveries of all time.
PAPYRUS: The Predecessor to Paper
Papyrus is a writing material made from the water plant by the same name, which name means “product of the river.” Papyrus is possibly the longest used writing material, with the oldest known fragment dating to about 2400 B.C.E., and the use of it coming to almost an end around 600 C.E., some 3000 years of use.
How Many Greek New Testament Papyri Manuscripts Do We Have and How Early Are They?
The earliest sources for the Greek New Testament are the papyri in codex (book-like) form. Of course, this designation came from the medium on which they were inscribed. At present, there have been over 139 of these discovered, with eighty of these manuscripts dating between 100 – 300 C.E.
PAPYRUS 13 AKA P13 (P. Oxy. 657 + PSI 1292) NT Greek Manuscript – Hebrews 2, 10-12
Papyrus 13, designated by siglum P13 in the Gregory-Aland numbering, is a fragmented manuscript of the New Testament in Greek. It was copied on papyrus in the early 3rd century at approximately 225-250 CE. It contains Heb. 2:14–5:5; 10:8–22; 10:29–11:13; 11:28–12:17
PAPYRUS 15/16 sigla P15/P16 (P. Oxy. 1008) / (P. Oxy. 1009) NT Greek Manuscripts
P16 was discovered together with P15. Grenfell and Hunt conjectured that P16 and P15 might have been parts of the same manuscript, written in a documentary hand.
P10 (P. Oxy. 209) Romans 1:1-5, 7 Dating to About 316 C.E.
Papyrus 10 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering system), signed by P10 and named Oxyrhynchus papyri 209, is an early copy of part of the New Testament content in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Romans.
PAPYRUS 12 (P12) Containing Hebrews 1:1
The manuscript is a letter written by an Egyptian Christian traveling in Rome to his fellow Christians in the Arsinoite Nome, in the Fayum of Egypt.
PAPYRUS 8 (P8) P. Berlin 8683 Early Greek Manuscript Copy of Acts 4-6
Papyrus 8 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), signed by P8 or α 8 (von Soden), is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Acts of the Apostles, it contains Acts 4:31-37; 5:2-9; 6:1-6.8-15.
PAPYRUS 7 (P7) KDA 553 Early Fragment of the New Testament in Greek
Papyrus 7 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), or ε 11 (von Soden), designated by P7, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of Luke 4:1-2.
PAPYRUS 104 P104 (P. Oxy. 4404) A Very Early Greek Fragment Copy of the Gospel of Matthew
Papyrus 104 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by the symbol P104, is a fragment that is part of a leaf from a papyrus codex, it measures 2.5 by 3.75 inches (6.35 by 9.5 cm) at its widest. It contains Matthew 21:34–37, 43, 45(?)