Codex Leningrad B 19A is the earliest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Scriptures (c. 1008 C.E.), which serves as a primary source for the recovery of details in the missing parts of the Aleppo Codex. The Aleppo Codex is an important Hebrew Masoretic manuscript from about 930 C.E. Codex Leningrad and the Aleppo Codex are the two most important Hebrew Old Testament manuscripts. ...
THE LENINGRAD CODEX (B 19-A): A Precious Bible Treasure
The Leningrad Codex is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew, using the Masoretic Text and Tiberian vocalization. It is dated 1008 CE (or possibly 1009).
OTTC JUDGES 3:22: “dirt” or “entrails” or “dung” or “excrement” or “waste” or “refuse” or “filth” or not translated?
When Eglon fell to the ground and expired, his bowels relaxed and discharged their contents. This seems the most likely interpretation of the enigmatic expression wayyēṣēʾ happaršĕdōnâ at the end of v. 22.
APPENDIX 3 Textual Studies of the Old Testament – Why We Need to Know
We begin by offering you what textual criticism is. It is the study of all the manuscript evidence and internal evidence (e.g., style of the author) in an attempt to ascertain the original wording of the original text.