Discover why we can trust the transmission of the Hebrew text, despite the many centuries that have passed since its composition. Learn about the careful copying practices of the Hebrew scribes, the existence of multiple copies and traditions, the Masoretic tradition, and the archaeological evidence and discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls that confirm the accuracy and consistency of the Hebrew text over time.
How Do Scholars Date Early Hebrew Bible Manuscripts?
Learn about the methods scholars use to date early Hebrew Bible manuscripts, including paleography, archaeology, radiocarbon dating, and historical analysis, as well as the internal evidence found within the texts themselves. Understand how changes in handwriting and script help date the texts, and discover examples such as the Siloam inscription and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
How Did Our Bible Manuscripts Survive the Elements?
Learn how ancient Bible manuscripts survived the elements through durable materials like parchment and vellum, careful storage, and accurate transmission. Explore the secrets of the Dead Sea Scrolls and other ancient texts with expert insights.
Transmitting the Hebrew Scriptures to You
The Hebrew Scriptures, also known as the Old Testament, is a section of the Holy Bible that is written primarily in Hebrew, with a few chapters and isolated verses written in Aramaic. This collection of texts was completed over 2,400 years ago, and many people question the accuracy of modern copies in comparison to the original texts.
HOW WE GOT THE HEBREW OLD TESTAMENT: From the Days of Ezra to the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia
The Hebrew Old Testament, also known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, is the collection of thirty-nine sacred texts that are central to Judaism and are also accepted by many Christian denominations as part of their canon of scripture. The Hebrew Old Testament includes the Torah (also known as the Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses), the Prophets, and the Writings. It is the authoritative text of the Old Testament by Jews and many Christian scholars.
THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS: No Conspiracy, No Secret Scrolls
Contrary to the cover-up theorists, after the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered, numerous publications were released over the years that made those first finds accessible to scholars worldwide.
The Dead Sea Scrolls: What are They?
In the spring of 1947, a Bedouin shepherd threw a stone into a cave, marking an event that would be heard around the world, making the name “Dead Sea Scrolls” more known than any other associated with archaeology.
DEAD SEA SCROLLS: The Habakkuk Commentary
The Habakkuk Commentary or Pesher Habakkuk, labeled 1QpHab (Cave 1, Qumran, pesher, Habakkuk), was among the original seven Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in 1947 and published in 1951.
DEAD SEA SCROLLS: Ancient Jewish and Hebrew Religious Manuscripts
The Dead Sea Scrolls are perhaps the greatest archaeological discovery of the present century. The seven scrolls were found by a Bedouin in a cave near the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, in 1947.
THE NASH PAPYRUS: The Hebrew Manuscript
How do paleographers place an accurate date on very old ancient Hebrew Old Testament Bible manuscripts? In 1948, this was the problem that was before Dr. John C. Trever (1916 - 2006) was a Biblical scholar and archaeologist, who was involved in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. When Dr. Trever first laid eyes on the Dead Sea Scroll of Isaiah, he pondered just this question.