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Psalm 5:11 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
11 But let all who take refuge in you rejoice;
let them ever sing for joy,
and spread your protection over them,
that those who love your name will rejoice in you.
But let all who take refuge in you rejoice. Comp. Ps. 2:12. That is, they have occasion to rejoice in thee and in thy protection. The wicked have everything to dread, for they must be cut off, but the righteous have every reason to be happy, for they shall partake of the favor of God. At the same time, this is the earnest expression of a desire that they might rejoice and that the dealings of God with them might be such that they would ever have occasion for joy.
Let them ever sing for joy. Internal joy or happiness is often expressed by shouting, or singing, as the word here used frequently signifies. The meaning is, that they should give every proper expression to their feeling of joy. This may be done by singing or by grateful ascriptions of praise and gratitude.
And spread your protection over them. While the wicked are cut off (verse 10). The psalmist, in this expression, doubtless had a primary reference to himself and to those who adhered to him in his righteous cause, but, as is common in the Psalms, he gives to the sentiment a general form, that it might be useful to all who fear and love God.
That those who love your name. That love you—the name being often put for the person. This is but another form of designating the righteous, for it is one of their characteristics that they love the name of God.
Will rejoice in you. Rejoice in you—in your existence, thy perfections, your government, your law, your dealings, your service;—in all that you have revealed of yourself and in all that you do. Comp. Phil. 3:1; 4:4. It is one of the characteristics of the truly pious that they do find their happiness in God. They rejoice that there is a God and that he is just such a being as he is, and they take delight in contemplating his perfections, in the evidences of his favor and friendship, in communion with him, in doing his will.
By Albert Barnes and Edward D. Andrews