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Psalm 3:1 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
1 O Jehovah, how many are my adversaries!
Many are rising against me;
O Jehovah, how many are my adversaries. How are they multiplied, or how numerous are they? Perhaps the idea is that at first, they seemed to be comparatively few in number but had now so multiplied as to endanger his crown and life. This is an appropriate expression on the supposition that it refers to Absalom. At first, the number of those who adhered to Absalom was not so great as to excite much alarm. Still, by the arts of a demagogue, by complaining of the government, by saying that if he were made a judge in the land, every man would have justice done him (2 Sam. 15:4-5), he won the hearts of the people and gathered so many under his standard as to make it necessary that the king should flee from Jerusalem to a place of safety.
My adversaries. The allusion is to those who were now enlisted under Absalom and who were engaged in endeavoring to overthrow the government.
Many are rising against me. That is, they have become my enemies. Many Israelites had thought that Jehovah would not deliver David from disaster at the hands of Absalom and his allies. It can feel that way at times for us today as well. Not only are our enemies or Satan’s world after us, but no one believes in us or that God will help us find a way through.
By Albert Barnes and Edward D. Andrews