Archaeology is the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation and analysis of artifacts, structures, and other physical remains. When applied to the study of the early church, archaeology can help to trace the beginnings of Christianity and shed light on the practices and beliefs of the first Christians.
Biblical Archaeology refers to the study of material culture and ancient artifacts in relation to the Bible and its historical context. This field of study encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including archaeology, history, anthropology, and theology, and is concerned with understanding the historical, cultural, and social context of the Bible. The goal of Biblical archaeology is to provide a deeper understanding of the events, people, and places described in the Bible and to shed light on the historical accuracy and reliability of the biblical texts.